Biblical Hebrew for All
חָמֵשׁ מְגִלּוֹת


The Five Scrolls or The Five Megillot ( חָמֵשׁ מְגִלּוֹת‎ ) are parts of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third major section of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible). 
The Five Scrolls are the Song of Songs, the Book of Ruth, the Book of Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and the Book of Esther. 
These five relatively short biblical books are grouped together in Jewish tradition.


The name is the short form of 


which is a f. noun with two meanings:
  • "fellow-woman"
  • "longing, striving."
The noun in turn is from the verb


which has three meanings:
  • "to pasture, tend"
  • "to be associated with"
  • "to be a special friend."


The Book of Ruth (Hebrew: Megilat Ruth  רוּת    ‎מְגִלּוֹת, "the Scroll of Ruth"), one of the Five Megillot, is included in the third division, or the Writings (Ketuvim), of the Hebrew Bible. In most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel.


The book is structured in four chapters:
  • Act 1: Prologue and Problem: Death and Emptiness (1:1–22)Scene 1: Setting the scene (1:1–5)Scene 2: Naomi returns home (1:6–18)Scene 3: Arrival of Naomi and Ruth in Bethlehem (1:19–22)
  • Act 2: Ruth Meets Boaz, Naomi's Relative, on the Harvest Field (2:1–23)Scene 1: Ruth in the field of Boaz (2:1–17)Scene 2: Ruth reports to Naomi (2:18–23)
  • Act 3: Naomi Sends Ruth to Boaz on the Threshing Floor (3:1–18)Scene 1: Naomi Reveals Her Plan (3:1–5)Scene 2: Ruth at the threshing-floor of Boaz (3:6–15)Scene 3: Ruth reports to Naomi (3:16–18)
  • Act 4: Resolution and Epilogue: Life and Fullness (4:1–22)Scene 1: Boaz with the men at the gate (4:1–12)Scene 2: A son is born to Ruth (4:13–17)Genealogical appendix (4:18–22)
The rest of this comprehensive Wikipedia article on the book can be read here.
An extract from BHFA Volume 5

Ruth 4:17b

הוּא       אֲבִי־      יִשַׁי       אֲבִי      דָוִד

David    son of   Jesse    son of       he

  • KJB        he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.
  • NASBHe is the father of Jesse, the father of David.
  • ESV        He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.
  • NLT         He became the father of Jesse and the grandfather of David.
  • NIV        He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.
The name "David" occurs 1075 times in the Hebrew Bible.
Towards the end of the book of Ruth, David is mentioned for the first time in the Hebrew Bible, when it is pointed out that David was the great-grandson of Boaz and his Moabite wife Ruth.