Biblical Hebrew for All


The Hebrew name for the Book of Numbers is one of the first words in the Masoretic Text (MT) of the book namely "bemidbar" which means, "in the desert of..."


The Book of Numbers is the fourth book of the Hebrew Bible, and the fourth of five books of the Jewish Torah. The book has a long and complex history; its final form is possibly due to a Priestly redaction (i.e., editing) of a Yahwistic source made some time in the early Persian period (5th century BCE).
The English name of the book comes from the two censuses of the Israelites.


Most commentators divide Numbers into three sections based on locale Mount Sinai, Kadesh-Barnea, the plains of Moab, linked by two travel sections.An alternative is to see it as structured around the two generations of those condemned to die in the wilderness and the new generation who will enter Canaan, making a theological distinction between the disobedience of the first generation and the obedience of the second.
The rest of this comprehensive Wikipedia article on the book can be read here.
An extract from BHFA Volume 5

Numbers 6:24

יְבָרֶכְךָ  יְהוָה  וְיִשְׁמְרֶךָ׃

and he will keep you Yahweh He will bless you abundantly

  • KJB      The LORD bless you and keep you;
  • NASB    The LORD bless you, and keep you;
  • ESV      The LORD bless you and keep you;
  • NLT      May the LORD bless you and protect you.
  • NIV      The LORD bless thee, and keep thee: 
The first word in this verse is the pi'el impf. 3ms form of the verb  



which has two meanings:
  1. "to kneel" or "adore / worship with bended knees", which usually describes an action of a human being directed toward God, and
  2. "to bless," which is normally used to describe an action of God directed toward a human being, or an action of a human to a fellow human.(1)
The pi'el binyan is known as the intensive active form of the qal. As per this distinction, the literal translation of the form in this verse then would then be, "he will intensely / abundantly bless you." 
Hattingh, Tian. (2022) Biblical Hebrew for All. London. The London Press. (1) Volume 2, Chpt. 36.3.2b.

Numbers 6:25

יָאֵר יְהוָה פָּנָיו אֵלֶיךָ וִיחֻנֶּךָּ׃ ס

and be gracious to you upon you his face YHWH he will light up

  • KJB     The LORD make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee:
  • NASB   The LORD make His face shine on you, And be gracious to you;
  • ESV     the LORD make his face to shine upon you and be gracious to you;
  • NLT     May the LORD smile on you and be gracious to you.
  • NIV     the LORD make his face shine on you and be gracious to you;                                        


hiph'il impf. 3ms of the biconsonantal verb  אוֹר which in the qal binyan means, "to be light" or "to become light", and thus in the hiph'il binyan (1) means, "to give light, to light up, to cause to shine, to make shine" 
Hattingh, Tian. (2022) Biblical Hebrew for All. London. The London Press. (1) Chapter 45.6 in Vol. 2.
In Ps 31:17, 67:2, 80:4,8,20, 119:135 we can see the meaning of the phrase "the LORD make his face shine on you."When Yahweh shines (directs) his face (character / personality) toward one, this loving and merciful action becomes the source of life and salvation for the person(s) involved.