Biblical Hebrew

"serving God"

The verb עָבַד means, "to work, serve."   
אֵל is the short form of  אֱלֹהִים 

Used with permission. ©2021 United Church of God, an International Association.


The Book of Obadiah is an oracle concerning the divine judgment of Edom and the restoration of Israel

The text consists of a single chapter, divided into 21 verses, 

making it the shortest book in the Hebrew Bible

In Judaism, Obadiah is one of the Twelve Minor Prophets in the final section of Nevi'im, the second main division of the Tanakh

In Christianity, the Book of Obadiah is classified as a minor prophet of the Old Testament, due to its short length.


In Judaism and Christianity, its authorship is attributed to Obadiah

prophet who lived in the Assyrian Period.


The date of composition is disputed and is difficult to determine due to the lack of personal information about Obadiah, his family, and his historical milieu. The date of composition must therefore be determined based on the prophecy itself.

The rest of this comprehensive Wikipedia article on the book can be read here.


Obadiah 1:4a
(An extract from BHFA Volume 5.)

   אִם־          תַּגְבִּיהַּ         כַּנֶּשֶׁר       וְאִם־בֵּין   כּוֹכָבִים  שִׂים     קִנֶּךָ
your nest     set       stars     and among    as an eagle   you ascend high    though

KJB         Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars,
NASB Though you build high like the eagle, Though you set your nest among the stars,
ESV         Though you soar aloft like the eagle, though your nest is set among the stars,
NLT         But even if you soar as high as eagles and build your nest among the stars,
NIV         Though you soar like the eagle and make your nest among the stars,

In Jer 49:16 we find
 כִּי־תַגְבִּיהַ כַּנֶּשֶׁר קִנֶּךָ 

In BHS there are three footnotes.
The first two deal with the differences between these two texts, 
and the third proposes an alternative to שִׂים which we do not need to apply.

An electronic version of this book is available, 
by clicking 

In this book the 36 bird families mentioned in 409 verses in the Bible are dealt with in detail.

For example:
Chapter 10
Eagles & Vultures