Biblical Hebrew

Joshua



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  Joshua 1:1b
(An extract from BHFA Volume 5.)

           וַיֹּאמֶר       יְהוָה      אֶל־  יְהוֹשֻׁעַ       בִּן־       נוּן
               Nun    the son of    Joshua       to       Yahweh    and he spoke


KJB         the LORD spake unto Joshua
NASB the LORD spoke to Joshua
ESV         the LORD said to Joshua
NLT         the LORD spoke to Joshua
NIV         the LORD said to Joshua



 יֵשׁוּעַ is the Aramaic for יְהוֹשֻׁעַ 
  
Aramaic was the lingua franca 
(the commonly spoken language) 
in Palestine at the time when the virgin Mary gave birth to her first-born son. As instructed to Joseph by the angel, they gave their son the Aramaic name  יֵשׁוּעַ 

It was translated in the Greek Septuagint as Ἰησοῦς and from that into English as, "Jesus."


The name "Joshua" appears 218 times in the Hebrew Bible.

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Introduction
  The Book of Joshua is the sixth book in the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament, and is the first book of the Deuteronomistic history, the story of Israel from the conquest of Canaan to the Babylonian exile. 

It tells of the campaigns of the Israelites in central, southern and northern Canaan, the destruction of their enemies, and the division of the land among the Twelve Tribes, framed by two set-piece speeches, the first by God commanding the conquest of the land, and, at the end, the second by Joshua warning of the need for faithful observance of the Law (torah) that was revealed to Moses.

Structure
I. Transfer of leadership to Joshua (1:1–18)
A. God's commission to Joshua (1:1–9)
B. Joshua's instructions to the people (1:10–18)


II. Entrance into and conquest of Canaan (2:1–12:24)
A. Entry into Canaan
1.Reconnaissance of Jericho (2:1–24)
2. Crossing the River Jordan (3:1–17)
3. Establishing a foothold at Gilgal (4:1–5:1)
4. Circumcision and Passover (5:2–15)

B. Victory over Canaan (6:1–12:24)
1. Destruction of Jericho (6)
2. Failure and success at Ai (7:1–8:29)
3. Renewal of the covenant at Mount Ebal (8:30–35)
4. Other campaigns in central Canaan. The Gibeonite Deception (9:1–27)
5. Campaigns in southern Canaan (10:1–43)
6. Campaigns in northern Canaan (11:1–15)
7. Summary of lands conquered (11:16-23)
8. Summary list of defeated kings (12:1–24)


III. Division of the land among the tribes (13:1–22:34)
A. God's instructions to Joshua (13:1–7)
B. Tribal allotments (13:8–19:51)
1. Eastern tribes (13:8–33)
2. Western tribes (14:1–19:51)
C. Cities of refuge and levitical cities (20:1–21:42)
D. Summary of conquest (21:43–45)
E. De-commissioning of the eastern tribes (22:1–34)


IV. Conclusion (23:1–24:33)
A. Joshua's farewell address (23:1–16)
B. Covenant at Shechem (24:1–28)
C. Deaths of Joshua and Eleazar; burial of Joseph's bones (24:29–33)


The rest of this comprehensive Wikipedia article on the book can be read here.


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